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New Proficiency In English Key To Exercises 84


The TOEFL iBT test provides the highest measurement precision at language-proficiency levels B2 and C1, which are typical requirements for admissions in higher-education institutions. Test takers with very high scores are likely to be able to perform at CEFR level C2.




new proficiency in english key to exercises 84



Parts 1 to 4 focus on Use of English and test underlying knowledge of vocabulary and grammar through exercises such as supplying missing words, forming new words in a given text, and rewriting sentences.


C2 Proficiency demonstrates language proficiency at Level C2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages(CEFR) and is designed to show that a successful candidate has mastered English to an exceptional level.


Students will gain a comprehensive understanding and intermediate to advanced level of proficiency in Downhill Skiing. KINES 011A Intermediate Downhill Skiing (1) (GHA) Downhill skiing has grown as a recreational physical activity over the past century. The early days of skiing in the United States were typified by a variety of styles and techniques, many of which were brought to this country by European ski instructors. In 1961, the Professional Ski Instructors of America was formed to unify ski instruction across the country and to develop a successful standard for teaching people to ski. As the equipment and the snowmaking capabilities have changed so has PSIA changed and adapted the techniques to successful skiing. Downhill skiing can be performed at any level across all ages. If done properly, downhill skiing will promote comprehensive wellness while developing important life-long motor skills. This course will promote the proper and safe way to enjoy downhill skiing. Ultimately students will learn the benefits of downhill skiing as a lifetime activity for health and wellness.Students will be evaluated using a standard percentage scale. Evaluation is based on attendance and active participation (25%); demonstration of acquired skills (55%), theoretical knowledge as measured by written exam (20%). Five sections will be offered every Spring Semester with a maximum enrollment of 75 per section.


KINES 29 is a beginners level course designed to give students the understanding, knowledge and skills to begin an exploration of the game of golf. While the primary focus of this course is the short game, 100 yards and in to the green, students will also develop proficiency in short and mid-range irons. By the end of the course, each student will possess a basic knowledge of the game of golf that will allow them to be a knowledgeable spectator or participant in the game of golf. KINES 29 also explores golf as a lifetime sport. Students will examine the level of fitness necessary for successful participation in the game of golf, the potential fitness and wellness benefits of participating in golf on a regular basis, and the social benefits associated with the betterment of one's well-being and quality of life. During this course, students will have a chance to apply the skills they have learned during the course through practicing the game on an actual golf course. This opportunity creates an ideal practice area for the student golfer to become acquainted with the situational application of golf skills and the decision-making and problem-solving skills needed to manage the golf course including the various hazards.


A course designed to provide a further understanding of and a more advanced proficiency in golf skills, rules and etiquette. KINES 029A Golf II (1.5) (GHA) KINES 029A is a course designed to give students advanced understanding, knowledge and skills and to continue the development of their game of golf. While the courses main area of emphasis is on golfs' short game (putting, chipping and pitching) the student will be educated about full swing fundamentals and proficiencies will be developed in midirons, long irons, fairway metals, and driver.Perhaps the most unique feature of Golf II is the on course practice. Each week during this course, students will get a chance to apply the skills they have learned during the week on an actual golf course. This practice time is in a situation where the student will learn how to integrate themselves into normal golf play. This creates an ideal practice area for the student golfer to become acquainted with situational application of golf skills and be a part of the golf atmosphere.Students will be evaluated by a combination of (but not limited to) evaluation techniques. Examples of those techniques are written examinations, skills testing, and subjective evaluation of skill level and game performance.The student, who successfully completes Kinesiology 029A-Golf II will be proficient in golf rules, golf terminology and golf etiquette. These advanced fundamentals will ease the transition from golf student to golfer. Students will find that, after completion of Golf II, the work done in this course prepares them for actual participation in the game of golf.The use of the Penn State golf course is required for this course. Three to five sections will be offered every fall semester with an enrollment of up to 30 students per section.


KINES 42 is a course focused on the development of basic ice skating skills, and introducing a new physical fitness activity option into the lifestyle of the Penn State student. In the course, students develop balance and control while performing the basic skills necessary for the execution of many ice skating maneuvers for use in recreational skating or in learning to play hockey and/or figure skate. Skills are acquired through the use of exercises and patterns designed to strengthen the fundamentals of skating and to further develop balance, edge control, and confidence while participating in the activity. Such skills are developed and reinforced through off-ice practices to enhance the components of physical fitness, enhance balance, and to promote healthy behaviors in general fitness and wellness. Students may have the opportunity to work as partners and in small groups to balance the individual efforts through peer support and involvement. This course provides the necessary skill foundation for participation in forms of ice skating such as hockey, figure and/or recreational skating activities. In addition to the core component of physical skill development, the student has an opportunity to acquire an enlightened appreciation and understanding of the skill and art of ice sports and enhance general wellness and quality of life.


KINES 56 is designed to give students an introduction to martial arts and the use of martial arts for lifelong fitness. Martial arts have been practiced for centuries as a method of integrating mind, body, and spiritual well-being. While improving physical fitness and emotional health, martial arts are the cornerstone of unarmed self-defense. In addition to being able to identify and enact strategies for improving situational awareness and display proficiency in basic Martial Arts for personal defense, this course will promote comprehensive wellness while developing important lifelong motor skills. Assessments will be both written and physical. Students will be expected to show knowledge of martial arts history and terminology and perform martial arts techniques covered in the course.


KINES 57 is designed to give students an understanding of and proficiency in self-defense strategies based on martial arts techniques. Students are introduced to the culture and history of the martial arts which encompasses a wide variety of Asian self-defense systems. The skills, strategies and techniques of self-defense developed through this course can be performed at any level across all ages, and the training will promote comprehensive wellness and facilitate the development of a lifelong fitness program. For many, the emotional and psychological benefits of learning self-defense can be as important as the physical benefits. While the focus of this course is not soley on physical fitness, it will challenge students to improve their flexibility and conditioning which will enhance their ability to defend themselves and allow for additional options when defending oneself.


Kinesiology 058 will help students develop stamina, confidence and discipline, and promote general fitness through the introduction to basic Judo. KINES 058 Judo I (1.5) (GHA) Kinesiology 058 will help students develop stamina, confidence and discipline, teach self-defense, and promote general fitness through the introduction of basic Judo. Developed in Japan in 1882, Judo has quickly spread across the globe and won approval as a modern sport. Judo became the first activity of Asian origin to be accepted as an Olympic event in 1964. Women's Judo was admitted to the Games as a full medal event in 1992. Judo, 'the gentle way,' is the modern day form of the ancient Japanese Jujitsu. The art is based on the principle of using the opponent's own strength to put him or her off balance, using minimum effort for maximum efficiency. Judo was initially developed by Professor Jigoro Kano, whose techniques were refined to form a combative system that demonstrates the superiority of techniques over mere strength. Although Judo is a martial art, students need not fear physical injury due to enrollment at Kinesiology 058. Judo I covers fundamental falling, throwing and grappling techniques. More dangerous techniques, such as choking and arm locks, are reserved until students have demonstrated satisfactory command of more basic skills. Kinesiology 058 is not simply aimed at introducing students to basic Judo. Judo instruction at Penn State encourages fitness by incorporating a brief session of physical conditioning into each class in an effort to augment the aerobic workout and prevent injuries. Each student is also asked to learn basic terms and some general history of the sport of Judo. Facilities/Class periods - held in the IM Building Combat Room - begin with stretching and generally continue with a series of technique demonstrations, form practices and free workout. Class concludes with conditioning and cool-down exercises. Frequency of enrollment: Two sections every fall and spring semesters with a maximum of 30 students per section.


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